Newspaper articles

New York Times series:

  • In the Hospital, a Degrading Shift from Person to Patient by Benedict Carey, New York Times, August 16, 2005
  • Awash in Information, Patients Face a Lonely, Uncertain Road by Jan Hoffman, New York Times, August 14, 2005
  • Sick and Scared, and Waiting, Waiting, Waiting by Gina Kolata, New York Times, August 20, 2005

Technical articles and reports references

Cassell, EJ; The Nature of Suffering and the Goal of Medicine. N Engl J Med 1982. 306(11): 639-645

Daneault, S. et al; The Nature of Suffering and Its Relief in the Terminally Ill: a Qualitative Study. J Palliative Care 2004. 20(1): 7-11.

Strandmark, MK; Ill health is powerlessness: a phenomenological study about worthlessness, limitations and suffering. Scand J Caring Sci; 2004. 18: 135-144.


National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine reports (

  • Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of Life (1997)
  • Improving Palliative Care for Cancer (2001)
  • When Children Die: Improving Palliative and End-of-Life Care for Children and their Families (2002)


The Nature of Suffering and the Goal of Medicine by Eric Cassell MD
Oxford University Press 1991

Persons, Society and Value: Towards a Personalist Concept of Health
Edited ……. Published by Kulv

Man’s Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl


The Choice Is Yours Produced by the American Board of Internal Medicine


The Hastings Center

Robert Wood Johnson

Georgetown University Center for Clinical Bioethics

University of Washington SOM Department of Ethics and History

University of Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture

MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago link

Princeton University Center for Human Values

Brown University

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